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Arabia Go to Mediterranean Go to Levant Go to Mesopotamia Go to Persia Go to Egypt Go to Africa
c.500 NABATEANS enter Sinai and south Levant. 500 ISBE 4-690
c.500 Yatha Amar Bayin-IV, king of Saba from 520, ends.  Son Karabil Watar-IV succeeds until 480. 500 wikLRSH
c.500 Marib damThe DAM of Marib, rebuilt 700, breaks, causing Saba drought and rebellions.  It will be rebuilt, 7m tall.  Ruins of the dam shown here.  See 145. photo:
H. Grobe

500 wikMD, wikTY
c.500 Kingdom of AWSAN from 800 ends. 500 wikAHY
c.500 Ma'in, the Qatabani and Hadramites, under Saba from ?, rebel and become independent. 500 wikTY
c.500 Ma'in, becomes dominant in north Yemen, extending its authority on the north Red Sea coasts and establishes military/trading colonies as far as Sinai. 500 wikTY
c.495 ILISAMI-II NABAT, becomes king of Kaminahu until 475. 495 rri
c.490 MAHLAY, king of Qedar from 510, ends.  Son  IYAS succeeds until 470. 490 wikQd
c.480 YADIAB AMIR, ruler of Nashan from 500, ends.  Nashan comes under Saba until 250. 480 rcAr, rri
c.480 Karabil Watar-IV, king of Saba from 500, ends.  Son Samah ali Yanuf-VI succeeds until 460. 480 wikLRSH
c.475 ILISAMI-II NABAT, king of Kaminahu from 495, ends. 475 rri
c.470 IYAS, king of Qedarite Bedawis in Negev from 490, ends.  SHAHR-I succeeds until 450. 470 hifiK, wikQd
c.460 Samah ali Yanuf-VI, king of Saba from 480, ends.  Bro Yada il Bayin-VI succeeds and ends.  Bro Yatha Amar Watar-V succeeds and ends.  Son of Yada il Bayin-VI, Ilsharih-II succeeds until 445. 460 wikLRSH
c.450 KARIBIL WATAR, priest-king of Saba, assumes title "king of Saba ". 450 IDB 4-145
c.450 SHAHR-I, king of Qedarite Bedawis in Negev from 470, ends.  Son GASHMU-I succeeds until 430. 450 hifiK, rri, wikQd
c.445 Ilsharih-II, king of Saba from 460, ends.  Bro Zamir Ali Bayin-I succeeds until 430. 445 wikLRSH
c.430 GASHMU-I, king of Qedarite Bedawis in Negev from 450, ends.  Son QAINU succeeds until 410. 430 hifiK, rri, wikQd
c.430 KAMINAHU, state in southwest Arabia, probably comes under Ma'an until 160. 430 rcAr
c.430 Zamir Ali Bayin-I, king of Saba from 445, ends.  Son Yada'il Watar-II succeeds until 410. 430 wikLRSH
c.430 Minaean Kingdom of MA'IN north of Saba from 750, rises in power until 100.  ABKARIB-I becomes king of Ma'in (Yemen) until 415.  Ma'in lasts until 55. 430 rcAr, rri
c.415 ABKARIB-I, king of Ma'in (Yemen) from 430, ends.  AMMIYATHA succeeds until 400. 415 rcAr, rri
c.410 QAINU, king of Qedarite Bedawis in Negev from 430, ends. 410 hifiK, rri, wikQd
c.410 Yada il Watar-II, king of Saba from 430, ends.  Son Zamir Ali Bayin-II succeeds until 390. 410 wikLRSH
c.400 AMMIYATHA, king of Ma'in (Yemen) from 415, ends.  ABYADA-I succeeds until 385. 400 rcAr
c.400 Hegemony of Saba from 800 ends. 400 wikAHY
c.390 Zamir Ali Bayin-II, king of Saba from 410, ends.  Son Samah ali Yanuf-VII succeeds and ends.  Bro Karabil Watar-V succeeds until 370. 390 wikLRSH
c.385 ABYADA-I, king of Ma'in (Yemen) from 400, ends.  HUFNUM SADIQ succeeds until 365. 385 rcAr
c.370 Karabil Watar-V, king of Saba from 390, ends.  Successor unknown until 350. 370 wikLRSH
c.370 Qahtani tribes drive the Persians out of Musqat in the east tip of the Arabian peninsula.  The Qahtanis replace the Ad tribe in Oman. 370 wikTY
c.365 HUFNUM SADIQ, king of Ma'in (Yemen) from 385, ends.  ILYAFA YAFUSH succeeds until 350. 365 rcAr
c.360 YITHA'A AMAR BAYYIN-II becomes last Makrab king of Himyar until 350. 360 rri
c.350 ILYAFA YAFUSH, king of Ma'in (Yemen) from 365, ends.  ABYADA-II succeeds until 320. 350 rcAr
c.350 Karab Yuhanem becomes king of Saba until 330. 350 wikLRSH
c.332 QEDAR, under Persia from 539, comes under Macedonia until 323. 332 hifiK, rcJdn
c.330 Kingdom of QATABAN begins in southwest Arabia.  A line of 31 rulers continues until 160CE. 330 rri
c.330 Founder of the Lihyan kingdom reigns until 320. 330 rri
c.330 Karab Yuhanem, king of Saba from 350, ends.  Son Karabil Watar-VI succeeds until 310. 330 wikLRSH
c.330 SOCOTRA, island off tip of the horn of Africa, raided by Macedonians for its aloe products, under Macedonia until 300. 330 rcAr
c.323 QEDAR, under Macedonia from 332, under kingdom of Lihyan until 250. 323 hifiK, rcJdn
c.320 Founder of Lihyan kingdom from 330 ends.  SHAHRU-II succeeds until 305. 320 rcAr, rri
c.320 ABYADA-II, king of Ma'in (Yemen) from 350, ends.  WAQAHIL RIYAM succeeds until 310. 320 rcAr
c.320 YATHI AMAR BAYIN-III, king of Saba from ?, ends.  KARIB il WATAR-II succeeds until 270. 320 rcAr
c.312 NABATEANS appear in history in the mountains of Edom.  Athenaeus, general of Demetrius, son of Antigonus-I attacks PETRA, Nabatean capital. 312 CDCC 603, 670, ISBE 3-467
c.312 Nabatean fortress of PETRA attacked by Athenaeus, general of Demetrius, son of Antigonus-I.  Most of the men are absent, so Athenaeus sacks Petra.  The men learn of it, ambush Athenaeus, and recover the loot.  Seleucids again attack Nabateans unsuccessfully in 312. 312 B76 VII-157, DGRBM 1-400, ISBE 3-467
312 NABATEANS send letter to Antigonus-I Monophthalamus defending their action as self defence. 312 ISBE 3-467
c.311 ATHENAEUS, general of Antigonus-I Monophthalamus surprised at night and defeated by Nabateans. 311 atl4
c.311 DEMETRIUS-I, son of Antigonus-I Monophthalamus, leads a raid against Nabateans. 311 atl4
c.310 Karabil Watar-VI, king of Saba from 330, ends.  Wahab Shamsam/El Yahiz-I succeeds until 290. 310 wikLRSH
c.310 WAQAHIL RIYAM, king of Ma'in (Yemen) from 320, ends.  ABKARIB-II succeeds until 300. 310 rcAr
c.305 SHAHRU-II, king of Lihyan from 320, ends.  Son HANIOS-I succeeds until 290. 305 rcAr, rri
c.300 ABKARIB-II, king of Ma'in (Yemen) from 310, ends.  YITHAIL RIYAM succeeds until 290. 300 rcAr
c.300 SOCOTRA, island off the tip of the horn of Africa, under Macedonia from 330, no longer under Macedonia. 300 rcAr

Arabia 300-201