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Africa Go to North Africa Go to Egypt Go to Arabia
c.100 EUDOXUS of Cyzicus 3rd voyage, he tries to circumnavigate Africa. 100 atl1
c.90 TANYIDAMANI, king of Meroe from 110, ends.  Successors unknown until 50. 90 frN, rcNA
c.80 AxumKingdom of AXUM, a trading empire with its hub in Eritrea and north Ethiopia, begins until 825.  First capital, Mazaber (location unknown). 80 wikKAk
c.50 AMANIKHABALE becomes king of Meroe until 40. 50 frN, rcNA
c.40 AMANIKHABALE, king of Meroe from 50, ends.  TERITEQAS succeeds until 10. 40 frN, rcNA
c.40 AMANISH-AKHETE (Amanirenas) becomes candace (queen) of Nubia until 10. 45 B76 VII-430 40 wheMr
c.30 TRIACONTASCHOENOS puppet-state set up under a local petty king by C. CORNELIUS GALLUS, to act as a buffer-zone between Egypt and Ethiopia (kingdom of Aksum), as well as a loose protectorate over Ethiopia itself. 30 wikWAg
c.24 AELIUS GALLUS, 3rd prefect of Egypt 25-4, invades Ethiopia and Nubia.  Merotic War begins until 22. 26 wik22D 24 DGRG 2-176
24 ETHIOPIANS raid Egypt, overcome Roman garrisons, ravage Philae, Syene, Elephantine, enslave inhabitants. 25 CAH 10-241 24 AΨΨ 401 23 wik22D, lvMr 22 HRRP 4.1-102
c.23 C. PETRONIUS, prefect of Egypt, invades Nubia.  Kushite Queen Amanirenas at Meroe is threatened. 24 HRE 123, afN 23 wikMr
c.23 NAPATA Nubia sacked by C. Petronius, never recovers.  NOBATAE people occupy the area. 23 B76 VII-430, HRE 123, bk 22 wik22D, wikMr
c.23 Ethiopians, alarmed by approach of C. Petronius to their frontier, harass the neighborhood of Philae and Syene (Souan, near Elephantine), and it becomes necessary to repel their incursions.  C. Petronius, who succeeded Aelius Gallus as governor of Egypt, tries to drive them back.  Pselcis is one of the towns which submits to him. 23 DGRG 2-675
c.22 C. Petronius defeats Ethiopians again.  Merotic War from 24 ends.  Treaty signed. 22 CAH 10-150, HRE 123, wheMr, wikMr
c.10 TERITEQAS, king of Meroe from 40, ends.  AMANIRENAS, then AKINIDAD, then AMANISHAKHETO succeeds as candace (queen) until 1BCE. 10 frN, rcNA
c.10 AMANISH-AKHETE (Amanirenas), candace (queen) of Nubia from 60, ends. 10 wheMr
c.10 BAZEN becomes king of Axum until ?. 10 wikLKAx
c.1 AMANISHAKHETO, queen of Meroe from 10, ends.  NATAKAMANI succeeds until 20CE.  AMANITORE succeeds as queen until ?. 10 frN, rcNA

Africa 0-100